Science topic

Journalism - Science topic

The collection, preparation, and distribution of news and related commentary and feature materials through such media as pamphlets, newsletters, newspapers, magazines, radio, motion pictures, television, and books. While originally applied to the reportage of current events in printed form, specifically newspapers, with the advent of radio and television the use of the term has broadened to include all printed and electronic communication dealing with current affairs.
Questions related to Journalism
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There are alot of aspects indicate new media impact on traditional media especially in news service, so i ask if any one can help me in some points such as: how to measure new media effect on news service in old media and citizen role in new media era.
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We have been thinking about the opposite effect: what influence have "old" media on "new" media? And that for to work with aggregators such as tweeted times and similar offers. Interesting in this view is, that old media still often is the source of the news - but then it get's spread through social media and commented by people in those networks. So we can see, that there's is a clear need for classical journalism in the research process.
What is a suitable journal to publish a paper on cybersecurity, speech coding or telecommunication?
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Dears What is the fast and best journal with Thomson reuters indexing for cybersecurity, speech coding and telecommunication in general? for me i prefer IEEE but i don't know how long it'll take? please advice  
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I would strongly recommend "IEEE Security & Privacy" the impact factor is slightly low (0.72) but the journal is ISI Thomson Reuters indexed. (http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/xpl/aboutJournal.jsp?punumber=8013) IEEE Transactions on Communications (IF=1.9, ISI Indexed) is also an option (if your paper fall in define categories and criteria).  Regarding duration it takes to publish you need to check its frequency and contact the editor for the expected date of next issue. Best of luck!
Can anyone suggest a good index to measure media freedom in Central Eastern Europe?
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Hello everyone, I'm looking for an indicator of media freedom in CEE countries for the period 1993-2015. At the moment Freedom of the Press Index (by Freedom House) seems to be the only one able to provide a complete time series from the early 1990s, but I would like to know if there is another one that could fit better. Thank you very much. Andrea
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Please see: 1. "Comparative Media Systems: European and Global Perspectives" (ed) Bogusława Dobek-Ostrowska - great Polish scientist http://books.google.pl/books?id=xO3pfMvVyhwC&pg=PR8&lpg=PR8&dq=Comparing+Media+Systems:+Between+Commercialization+and+Politicization+w&source=bl&ots=2llm9Oqg8V&sig=dFTzhtJWo4JXK7YMzMT75pC8dqw&hl=pl&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiGhNfE3b3JAhVJmnIKHQFGDwMQ6AEIODAD#v=onepage&q=Comparing%20Media%20Systems%3A%20Between%20Commercialization%20and%20Politicization%20w&f=false 2. http://books.google.pl/books?hl=pl&lr=&id=e7qRAgAAQBAJ&oi=fnd&pg=PP1&dq=Comparing+Media+Systems+in+Central+Europe.&ots=35CZwU05Q3&sig=ML6n4ssbCARUDRlP7GiFrXIaxcs&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q&f=false 3. http://assets.cambridge.org/97805218/35350/sample/9780521835350ws.pdf - only sample, but table of contents will by interesting I think 4. http://unesdoc.unesco.org/images/0022/002277/227738e.pdf
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For a literature review, I am searching for papers that research how freedom in the context of journalism is affected by self employed work of journalists / entrepreneurial journalism. Thanks for any hint!
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Britta,
I do not have research articles for you, but I think that this may be a broader issue than you think.
When I think of self-employed journalists, I think of the mainstream concept of "stringers" who are paid on a per-story basis by a traditional media outlet.  Online media does this sometimes also.  Such writers do not have more freedom than paid employees because their stories must still be accepted for publication.
However...
Because anyone can have a blog or website today for minimal cost, it is more complex.
Some such blogs and websites are essentially journalistic in nature.  This can be good because it leads to MORE freedom, because the "gatekeepers" of the traditional media can be bypassed, if they try to repress a story.
But many of these sires are false journalists because they have political or social agendas.  In addition, there are more and more sites that publish fake news, as humor or satire, but do not clearly label their content as satire.
Because the public does not differentiate clearly between serious journalism and false journalism, all of thee false news sites reduce the credibility, and thus the freedom, of true journalists.
Do you have any feedbacks regarding journalistic imagination?
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I recently published an article entitled "In search of the journalistic imagination". Although it is not the mainstream in the field of  journalism, I still wish to collect some constructive feedbacks which would light up future studies. Please kindly write me feedbacks privately if you have any. Highly appreciated!!!
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Hi , you need to read (if you haven't already), the book of the same title, in which I have a chapter. Here are the details: (2014) Global literary journalism: exploring the journalistic imagination [volume 2]. Mass Communication and Journalism, 2 (15). Peter Lang, New York. ISBN 9781433124709, 9781433124693 
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CSCW Journal
Springer Journal
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Weiss (2014) sets out a framework for the study of spatial journalism.
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Aloha!
My name is Katina, I'm from Chile. I did my thesis for my Master Degree in Communications (but it was 10 years ago), nevertheless I think the conclusions still current. My topic the media and the cultural identity, their relationship include. Thats has an very close relation with the time and space (location). I proved that the cultural identity can be influenced by the media (in this time, the most important was TV, now maybe also, but I'm not sure). And the way is how you show who doing what(and ho often). If you do that, you can make an strong accent in some activities/people in your location . I don't know if it help you. My thesis has all the sources of course, but it is in spanish. Anyway, if you want to see it, please let me know. By the way,I'm interested in your topi, so, if you found something interesting, and if it is ok with you, I'llbe gald if you share it with me. 
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Automated journalism is the process by which computers select the stories consumers see, and the order in which they see them.  Nearby location can make news stories seem more relevant to consumers (following Galtung and Ruge, 1965), but a more nuanced view of locational relevance than just a street address or zip code is required to drive the most compelling stories to consumers (such basic location information is deemed "lackluster" by Weiss (2014, p. 4)).  What factors could be used to enrich a computer's definition of a consumer's location to deliver the most interesting stories him or her?
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Unless the automated information is very specifically designed for me and my interests, I usually don't find it that helpful. For example, in Manoa, zip code 96822, all of the campus information would be filtered to me, which is one thing, but also all of the community information as well, which is another. I might be interested in both, but, then again, I might not. So, depending on the distinctions, this all might be very useful information of a lot of noise in the system. A few years ago, I was working at a newspaper that decided to geolocate all of its stories on a county map. The system automatically did so, but, because the newspaper based most of its stories on city and county government, which happened to reside in the same few blocks of the city, the system geotagged hundreds and hundreds of stories all in the same place. So when you looked at the map, it appeared that the newspaper only covered a two-block area of the county (which, unfortunately, wasn't that far from the truth). But, the reality of the situation was that even those stories had ties to the county courthouse or city hall, they really affected a lot of other people all around the community, so these stories could have been geotagged in other ways, with a better meta-tagging system, or better reporting (with more diverse sources), or any other number of ways. What was funny about this situation (not really funny for the newspaper or the digital map developer, though) was the appearance this automated system portrayed, based in a somewhat skewed reality of dumb intelligence. The machine was smart enough to figure out that the county courthouse was located on a certain block in the city, and, therefore, it could tag the story to that spot, but it was not smart enough to see the broader connections the court case, or council vote, or whatever, had to the rest of the community.
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I finished my M.Sc. in Chalmers Unvesity in Sweden and have two ISI indexed publication. I have a good knowledge of decision making. My last paper about Decision Making accepted in on of springer journals.
Note that the current paper which I want to co-auther it is half ready.
I am looking for somebody with PhD degree or higher who can comment on it and be a second author.
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Decision support systems could be employed in various areas of studies and different sectors. What is exactly your area of study and the focused sector? 
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With the support of researchgate I found some researchers, that were interested in founding a think tank on the topic of entrepreneurial journalism. We have observed, that the national communities of researchers dealing with this topic are too small. So we thought that a virtual connection might be of interest for some people here? And if we find a few people, we can think about actions. If you are interested, please send me a message on researchgate.
Thanks!
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Britta: Please refer to the book "Mindful Journalism and News Ethics in the Digital Era: A Buddhist Approach" (Routledge, 2015).
If entrepreneurial journalism means de-commoditizing news to a social good, I will be happy to join your  endeavor.
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We are thinking through some of the problems in distinguishing reputable news from phony ones. What might give you a clue that an online story you are reading is bogus, fake, or unreliable? We'd appreciate examples of what appears to be a reliable news source and what doesn't. Worldwide. Any language.
Thanks so much! VR
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Links or other measures of popularity are not reliable criteria for reliability !! I don't think there is an automatic way to know if some story is reliable. Sometimes you can't trust even a widely reputable newspaper. That said, although there are some exceptions, the most reliable sources of online news are still the good old news organizations. They still are who provide most of the original news material on the web. So if you find a story on a website and want to know if it is reliable, the best way to check it is to see if that information is also present in at least one reputable media: the main newspapers (the broadsheet ones) or news agencies. This is a basic criterion in journalism: cross-check information using reliable sources !!!
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Most currently available measures of social desirability tend to be quite long. In my own study of counterproductive work behaviors (CWBs) and OCBs, I came up with this one item measure, which goes something like..."How I am perceived by others is very important to me". I used this in my statistical analyses and it was negatively related to CWBs and positively related to OCBs (although they are not significantly correlated). I wonder what journal reviewers will react to the use of a measure like this? Should I use or mention it in my paper? The result remained the same with or without this variable. Thank you so much.
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I think that, for future research, it would be great to have 3-4 item measure. Such scale has at least 'statistical' advantage over 2-item scale: (a) you can measure Cronbach's alpha for it; (b) in cross-group (esp. cross-cultural) research you can look for partial invariance.
If there is no such method already (or, at least, no very wide-spread and well-known), then constructing it would grant you a lot of citations. I, for example, would use it in few research
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I would rather call it visionary since future is already here;) I will be attending a panel with practising journalists and multimedia reporters today; just thought I might get diversified views from a few colleagues here. Thanks for your time.
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Michael W. Marek has right - what is more, internet journalist often must be  also editor or  graphic  designer (all in one) because in some redaction there is no place (money/budget) for such workers.
In addition I think, that the future is:
- drone journalism
- Data journalism (with creatiing a graphs, statistic pictures) example: Wikileaks
- citizen journalism
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I am looking for a scale to measure journalistic freedom in a country. Can anybody suggest  some good reading?
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In addition to PEW, which is an excellent resource, see:
Paris-based "Reporters without Borders" issues an annual "World Press Freedom Index". Visit http://en.rsf.org/. Also available in French, Spanish, Portuguese, Arabic, Farsi (?) and Mandarin Chinese.
U.S.-based "Freedom House" issues an annual "Freedom of the Press" and has an interactive called "Press Freedom by the Numbers".  Visit: http://freedomhouse.org/.
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I am interested to start new online Journal on "International Journal on Farm Power Machinery & Energy in Agriculture". Experts are requested to suggest the procedure for online starting for it..(like steps...)
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Dear Dr.Rajvir Just to ask about your journal, I have time to help you if you require it
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I am looking for studies on entrepreneurial journalism, especially the incorporation of entrepreneurship education in the context of journalism studies are of my interest. Can anyone support me?
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Dear Britta,
Regret for  suggesting different opinion on the fundamentals of entrepreneurship. Furtehr your question is wage.  If it is entrepreneurial journalism, then adjective  is entrepreneurial it uses to describe journalism. No need to talk about the things you are writing but entrepreneurship of the writing. For example, you can write about poverty or religion but still journalism can be entrepreneurial on the basis of risk that your are taking , innovativeness/novelty of the things you write/organize, and the marketability. If you write about entrepreneurship without novelty that cannot be entrepreneurial.
Entrepreneurial journalism has nothing to do with the subject.
Upananda, Sri lanka
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Hi, I'm a beginner. i don't have any idea about journals. first i want to publish my survey on paid journal after that focus on unpaid journals for contributions. so please help me to choose correct journal. Thank you very much.
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Dear Annal Abel,
As you are concern about publish your survey or review article and have future plans also. I would like to suggest you few things,  If you have a good survey article well structured and presented in novel way then no need to publish in paid journals. There are lot of international peer reviewed journals who publish such qualified articles. You can publish your work in IEEE Surveys and TUTORIALS, ACM surveys, Elsevier computer communication and many more. They all are accepting survey and review articles however, the quality should be good. One more thing i would like to add that the review in such reputed highly impact journals may take time . Except these you can also publish your work with springer, Hindawi open access, Inderscience without any publication charges. These all are well reputed international journals.  Hope that it will help you to have a quick idea. 
Best wishes.
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A colleague of mine said that such an article was recently published in Nature or Science like journal. Dispite of a hour search, there is nothing. May be, I'm using wrong keywords or I've got wrong, insufficient information. I'm not sure.
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At last, I can find exact name of the article "A stable cathode for the aprotic Li–O2 battery"  http://www.nature.com/doifinder/10.1038/nmat3737
"Concerning the choice
of anode, to avoid any possible contamination from reactions on
cycling that might occur between a Li metal anode and DMSO or
TEGDME and to avoid reaction between Li and O2 in the electrolyte,
we have, as in previous studies, employed partially charged
Li1􀀀xFePO4 as the anode22,25,27"
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I'm looking for sources or actual stories (trending or past ones) in which unverified (fake, fabricated or intentionally misleading) news were passed for bona fide reporting. Any topic will be of interest -  from major international events to retracted company statements and doping in sports. I'm curious about cases in both mainstream or social media.
If you've seen such story developments, I'd appreciate a link and your comment on how you see it relevant, or what you know about it. Do you consider it deception, and if so, and why? If not, what is it then? What impact has the fake news piece had on who in your opinion?
Thanks so much! VR
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We see the fake news every day(
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I am weighing up the advantages and disadvantages of investigative journalism but I am struggling to find famous examples where journalists have crossed the line and breached people’s privacy. 
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Why popularity of gifted education increase at developing countries nowadays?
What should be done firstly in these countries at gifted education?
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Hasan,
I am currently on a committee researching this very issue. We will meet again in a week and will have identified from survey key issues in our state for implementing ECE. I paste a list of areas of concern we have identified at this time for public school implementation of ECE programs. Are you interested in public or private implementations?
Issues to consider:
a. Financial implications for in-home providers, stand alone; Head Start. Head Start is a natural platform from which to advance the ECE. Though need to identify potential role and infrastructure supports. Head Start has been focused on oppressed population; what happens when middle class steps in?
b. HRDC provides services across three different counties; could be pulled in under the public sector using a completely different governance structure.
c. How do you build enough teacher capacity?
d. There is a curriculum development component; do the programs need to be certified or accredited
e. Training for this is big investment to grow cadre of new professionals. Ex: Sputnik race needed engineers.
f. Substantial fiscal impact and how to handle - There is a year to year budget implication
g. Capital investment for classroom handled in different ways depending on context
h. The biggest budget item is personnel
i. The next layer in terms of complexity is teasing out what are the offsets public versus private; lots of models; block grants; transfer programs; coop arrangements; there are some intergovernmental components;
j. What has Education Office done to establish guidelines around implementation of ECE? Eg. Student/teacher ratio in a pre-K classroom; certification requirements
Hope this helps,
Janet
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My readings for the past one year has revealed that war journalism is a predominantly western based. But have the developing world indulged in studying their journalists' who cover wars
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I've seen a few pieces out there, but am looking for peer-reviewed research that will help me to provide an overview of 21st century news media issues and challenges. I'd also appreciate any feedback on building data sets that account for shifts in news production. Thanks.
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A few of my contributions:
Ihlebæk, K. A. & Krumsvik, A. H (2014). Editorial power and public participation in online newspapers. Journalism: Theory, Practice and Criticism. Published online before print February 17, 2014, doi: 10.1177/1464884913520200.
Skogerbø, E. & Krumsvik A. H. (2014) Newspapers, Facebook and Twitter – intermedial agenda-setting in local election campaigns. Journalism Practice. Published online September 2, 2014, doi: 10.1080/17512786.2014.950471.
Kalsnes B., Krumsvik, A. H. & Storsul, T. (2014). Social media as a political backchannel: Twitter use during televised election debates in Norway. Aslib Journal of Information Management, 66(3), 313-328, doi: 10.1108/AJIM-09-2013-0093
Krumsvik, A. H. (2013). Towards a Typology of Strategies for User Involvement. In M. Friedrichsen & W. Mühl-Benninghaus (Eds.), Handbook of Social Media Management (pp. 655-669). Berlin: Springer. ISBN: 9783642288968 (Print) 9783642288975 (Online).
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I'm trying to think through the notion of "authorship" in the context of amateur video produced with mobiles as an element of content that is nowadays a key ingredient of mainstream news reports.
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I think that they do not generally think of themselves as journalists.  
In the US recently, there have been several videos if police shootings, etc, shot by members of the public.  I think that they see themselves as having a story to tell, and maybe telling that story (by releasing the video) for purposes of justice.  But I think that they still comprehend themselves as acting as a private citizen and not as a journalist.
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How is the information collected through "newspapers" considered in terms of authenticity in research?
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Newspapers is considered a point of reference/scientific information in academia as its published and therefore, the information is authentic in its form and can be cited.Please check out the link for more information.
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After 5 years of teaching journalism program, I finally realised that it was very difficult to make students understand what is news angle. From my observation, I noticed that students tend to produce general news instead of reporting the geese of the event, speech, etc. This situation seems to continue in the future if no action is taken to solve this problem. Therefore, I look forward to hear from you.
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I have never teached, but I have personally found this problem when doing science journalism myself, and therefore I have come to find some tips that can be useful in this situation:
- First of all: is not about "new" strictly speaking, is about "interesting". This relieves some tensions.
- Second: "Interesting" means different things for different people;
- The most important implication of this is "what is interesting to you might not be interesting to others"
- Therefore, you have to carefully think about who is going to receive this news, and what may they find interesting in them. That is: you have to think about the recipients of the information you are going to select in order to select it. You must contextualize what you are talking about, you must know to which environment you are talking to. 
-Another tip: grow up, not everybody knows what you know! So things you don't consider new or interesting any more... might be for other people. Share your knowledge, try to be generous with it.
Answering to the initial question, from my point of view: the "news angle" is probably ever-evolving concept, which is new to each situation and any given pair of information sender and receivers. Therefore, it might proof useless to try to "teach" it, and the more we can do is give the students all possible tools to be able to adapt to any type of situation, analyze it, extract the interesting bits of information and their potential targets and then work hard in giving this bits the proper shape...
Hope this helps
very happy new year 2015 to everybody!
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George Orwell of course most famously used animals as a literary device in one of his most well-known works, Animal Farm. However, animals are also a recurrent theme throughout many of his writings, both in his works of fiction and journalism.
Can anyone recommend any sources that discuss how Orwell uses animals in his fiction or non-fiction writing, or how he was influenced by his interest in animals and his rural upbringing? Not just in the most conspicuous example of Animal Farm, but also in his other works, such as Nineteen Eighty-fourSome Thoughts on the Common Toad, Coming up for Air (in which he discusses his love of fishing), his diaries and his essay Why I Write.
Thanks.
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...  Orwell's Animal Farm is 'aesopian writing', using allegory. If you'ld like to start from this,  about the notion of 'allegory' and in order to approach the text as a literary work of art: basic reading is still Tzvetan Todorov, Theories of the Symbol (engl. transl. at Cornell UP 1982). The difference between allegory and symbol (and their history) as "two [opposite] types of signs" is explained there in a lucid way (especially from p. 199 on). – I have only the German ed., but one can look up the Engl. translation -> link below.
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Can Anybody suggest me a SCOPUS indexed journal with less review time, which is accepting manuscripts in LaTeX format ?
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I found some in Engineering that are accepting LaTex as I searched for you.Engg isn't my field, so I chose not to dig :-)
It depends on which field you write in and want to publish in. And frankly, Tier 1 journals do not accept super-fast.
Do check out their site itself for the entire list
Alternatively, visit http://www.scimagojr.com/ to get Journal and ranking information.
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Hi everyone!
In what free journal can i publish studies of large mammals activity patterns???, both in english and spanish...
Thaks,
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Please have a look at this link and PDF attachments.
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Hi friends
Can you suggest me a validate journal about cancer with impact factor less than one?
Best wishes
Amin
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Dear Seyed,
In the following link, you will find journals related to cancer. Many of then have an impact factor below 1.
Best Regards,
Edwin
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So, I'm practically asking about the consequence of outdated laws on the topic in question.
I mean maybe the law is so neglected that the funds are not being handled right.
Or maybe other rules were simply forgotten altogether?
Both severe or mildly tricky situations are accepted.
National, local, or even campus scale is welcome.
Thanks.
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Yes indeed.  The Children and Young Persons Act 1933 protecting the anonymity of juvenile offenders is well overdue for replacement.  
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In general, my thesis examines the social context of media production in the Western political system, with particular emphasis on British war journalists’ experience of reporting from particular geographical area (The Middle East), and their exposure to different factors of influence in the newsgathering process.
The central question is; what is the most factor that influence British wartime reporters while reporting high-intensive conflict like Syria when there are no troops on the ground?. Building on this question i will apply the "hierarchy of influence' model which was developed by Shoemaker and Reese . The sub questions will be as follow:
a. What drive war journalists to adopt self-judgments strategy in covering high-intensive conflict like Syria?
            b. what are the implications of the military media doctrine set up by the UK armed forces on wartime journalism’s performance ?
            c. How did war journalists negotiate their autonomous roles with their organisation to enhance their status as professionals?
            d. Do different types of violence have an influence in media outlets response?
e. Do war journalists understand the diversification in culture, religions, ideology, and ethnicity in the Middle East?
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The factor that influences all western media is the phenomenon known as infotainment.  The stories have to be framed in what are known as 'news values'.  Thses news values are culturally determined.
We have a totally distorted view of the wars in the Middle East because they are reported with a focus on British Interests or American Interests and the reason for this is simple.  Western democracies only involve themselves in Middle Eastern wars where these interests are perceived.  It stands to reason that all reporting of events is therefore geared towards these same interests.
British war reporting is exceptionally biased as a result of these so called 'interests'.  We will condemn Assad's attacks on civilians in Syria much more vigourously than we condemn attacks on civilians in Yemen.  The attacks on civilians in Yemen of course are carried out using weapons supplied to Saudi Arabia from the UK in large part.
There is of course an occasional humanitarian element to war reporting, yesterday a very moving image was shown of a little Syrian boy in the back of an ambulance very clearly injured and traumatised.  Even then of course a graph was intoduced into the television news illustrating that most civilian casualties had been inflicted by the Syrian government.  
What is absolutley obvious is that British television reporting is heavily biased towards the geopolitical model favoured by the British and US Governments.
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In my study subject, I use News Framing theory in studying the Islamist Movements in Egypt.
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Of course, use content analysis by developing different categories to measure pro  or anti  Islamist direction, and prominence,  of content in newspapers or TV or any medium of your choice ; framework of agenda setting and  framing analysis will be your theoretical  framework.    
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I know the formula for lotgering factor but i am unable to get the correct values as published in journal
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Media interventions, impact, health journalism.
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You will find literature related to health communication, media intervention, cancer at www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4248563
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First step is to make sure that it is well written. I can help you on that front. Send it to me. I will edit it for you, if you like. kp.madhu2000@gmail.com 
I train people to write science. I have visited your country for conducting a workshop on science and health. For broadcasters there. And had to have a translator/interpretor working alongside with me. So I understand the difficulty that you may be facing.
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What are the salient features of a good editorial in a journal?
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Some journal editorials are ONLY introductions to the current issue from the editors, which is not what I cal a true "editorial."
When I think "editorial" I think of a discussion of an important issue or policy.  I think that you write such an editorial as you would a formal speech:
1. State your introduction and your "thesis" about the problem.
2. Explain any needed background
3. Give each of your main points, in turn, with supporting evidence.
4. Present your conclusion that re-states or expands on your thesis.  Depending on the issue, you may also include a call to action with what you want readers to do.
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Do you know any studies or papers about the relationship between Smart Cities and journalism in the future? There are a lot of information about other issues related to SC, but it seems like if this subject has not been analysed deeply.
Which are the perspectives in your opinion?
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In Spanish you can get information from Carlos Gadsden, one of the most important researchers in the field of smart cities.
Here a link to his initiatives:
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what the exact questionnaire about manpower planning from journal?
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Dear Luthfi,
Kindly go through these articles. May be of some help to you.
1.AN ANALYSIS OF HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING AND ITS EFFECT ON ORGANISATIONAL EFFECTIVENESS – A CASE STUDY OF INFORMATION SERVICES DEPARTMENT, ACCRAOFFICE.http://ir.knust.edu.gh/bitstream/123456789/4935/1/YAW%20OPOKU-MENSAH.pdf
2.Effect of Human Resource Planning on Organizational Performance
of Telecom Sector.Information and Knowledge Management.Vol.3, No.2, 2013
3.ROLE OF HUMAN RESOURCE PLANNING PRACTICES ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE IN COUNTY GOVERNMENTS IN KENYA: A CASE OF NAKURU COUNTY.International Journal of Economics, Commerce and Management.Vol. III, Issue 5, May 2015.http://ijecm.co.uk/wp-content/uploads/2015/05/35103.pdf
4.Manpower Planning and Organization Objectives Nexus: A Theoretical Approach.Pakistan Journal of Business and Economic Review Vol. 3, Number 1 (2012).
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I am working on a study that looks at government-media relationship and how it affects professional media content especially in developing countries and I am hoping that I can get specific and standard measures for the concept and the different dimensions.
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Dear Pechulano
I am not too sure about "standard measure".  The relation media-state is very much a contextualised experience.  Comparing, for example, US and UK the mindset is very different.  The notion of public service broadcasting as found in Europe has no similarity in the US.  Therefore different cultural experiences make different assumptions about the role of media.  You might want to check Hallin & Mancini (2011) Comparing media systems beyond the Western World which is itself a development of their 2004 publication.  Wish you well on your project.
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I am  writing a formal research paper regarding women war correspondents.  I am including the history (i.e. when women began reporting), discrimination from colleagues, treatment by military personnel, the role female journalists have played, and the unique perspective offered by a woman.
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Hi Rebecca,
Try reading some PhD work supervised by my supervisor Fay Anderson on Women War Reporters. I am studying Malaysian war journalists
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A case if published in a journal as 'case report' and in another journal as 'case study'. How ethical can that be. I have found such instances. That's why asking for sources of clarification in any literature or book.
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I don't think it's legal or ethical to do what you suggest.  From a legal standpoint, much depends on the copyright agreement that you sign when you publish the first paper.  Sometimes you are allowed to reuse that material in any way that you wish but usually you are not allowed to do so.  From an ethical standpoint, unless you are substantially adding to the second publication so that it is quite different from the first, plus you provide a note indicating that it is a substantially updated paper from the previous one, you shouldn't publish it again.  
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A recent review suggested that most models in basic acupuncture research have no prediction or guidance value in clinical research (http://www.hindawi.com/journals/ecam/2011/180805/). The exception may be the following: www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2644274/
Any other exception?
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Yes the proposed The growth control singularity model has merit. However, it is still needed to apply the concept of "comparative effectiveness research" developed by Claudia Witt. In addition, one should look into data showing descriptive analysis of changes related to cortical and sub-cortical activation and deactivation at verum acupuncture points. Hope it helps!
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I would like  to ask a question regarding the citing an author's (own) research paper (that is still under review in a peer reviewed journal) in to his/her extension work which is reported in an other paper. The main concern is to let the first paper available for the reviewers and the general audience for an access which is still under peer review. What is the best way handle this situation? I understand that the first paper may be made available as "working paper".  But the question arise,
1. Where to post that working paper? what is best place for that
2. More  important, what is the best solution to solve this issue.
Kind Regards,
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I see a lot of opinions advising to wait for publication!
My friends, aren't you living on this planet?
The average publication time is around 12-18 months!
Many of us work on extensions, particularly those who are very specialist in a specific narrow domain, each time they enhance solutions and provide new ones for almost the same problem/domain.
Currently, I have 6 related papers, with about 12 different methodologies to tackle the same problem, , if I wrote all in one, my paper will be more than 100 page, that why I split the work to be published in 6 papers, the first is submitted, if I take your advise I will be waiting for at least 6 years to get the job done!
The whole publishing industry is nasty and backward, the same process for more than 100 years, everything has changed except this industry, the problem is in the mentality of those publishers- most of them, who still thinks that delaying the publication is good for the reputation of the journal!
and some publishers are having ready to publish papers, but they cannot publish, they are scared of this GD impact factor.
A hundred years ago, using the good-old-days mail, the paper was not taking more than 4 to 6 months, however, with the advance of today's technology, and the plenty number of reviewers who are just a moues-click away from any journal, we are going back!
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I am pursing the Ph.D in Digital Image Processing, I want to know any science citations index is free to publish the Digital Image Processing.
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Would you accept or reject a submitted article that repeated another group's work?
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I am reviewing a paper for a journal that claims to be the first to report the study topic. On a quick literature check, I found that their work has already been done (even on a slightly larger sample) and was recently published few months ago. While it is common (an beneficial) to have different articles on one topic, I would like to know your views about that? Would you accept or reject such articles?
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 If the paper addresses the same topic but researches a diverse space, population, organization or case, it is valuable; if the paper researches the same subject but uses diverse methodology, it still is valuable; if the paper researches the same subject, using similar methodology but reaches diverse perspectives and conclusions, it still is valuable. In contrast, if it reseraches the same subject, using the same methodology for reaching the same conclusions even if the sources are diverse, the paper must be rejected. 
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How to check for 'predatory' journals? 
Key indicators of the legitimacy of newly launched OA journals are ? or there are others :
-Entry in the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) – journals must meet strict criteria to qualify
-Publisher’s membership of Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) – members are bound by a code of conduct based on standard publishing practices and transparency
-Publisher’s membership of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) – membership demonstrates commitment to widely accepted publishing practices
-Publisher’s membership of the International Association of Scientific, Technical & Medical -Publishers (STM) – membership demonstrates commitment to widely accepted publishing practices
-Named editor and editorial board – recognised experts in their field who include their editorial commitment on their own research profiles
-Full contact details (email, postal address, working telephone number)
Visibility of costs associated with publishing
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These are 11 points to avoid the publication in the predatory and questionable Journals.
1) Check them in BEALL'S LIST OF PREDATORY JOURNALS AND PUBLISHERS
2) PREDATORY JOURNALS always ask a fee for publishing. This means a free journal is a better chose.
3) Avoid publishing an article in a journal not index in the Scopus or web of science.
4) Bad website,creepy with some grammatical errors and display fictitious (non-thomson-reuters, non-scopus) impact factors.
5) PREDATORY JOURNALS with a fast response without rigorous (or any) review by editors or peers and guarantee (rapid) acceptance.
6) Their phone numbers are mostly fictitious and clueless. Also, their address is mostly fictitious and can not be found in the google map.
7) The editorial board members do not exist or belong to fake universities. Sometime, they put real names for real researchers without their acknowledgment. Also, the editorial board is very small.
8) PREDATORY JOURNALS get submissions via non-academic emails (yahoo, gmail, etc).
9) The articles in these journal contain fundamental errors in the titles and abstracts.
10) PREDATORY JOURNALS do not consider the research ethics (e.g. the article used human subjects without any mention for ethics procedures).
11) PREDATORY JOURNALS do not have clear bank account and they ask authors to pay via Paypal.
Regards,
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Beall's list has generated some debate in my faculty.  Everyone agrees on the evils of "predatory publishing," but there is a view that open access and journals from developing countries are unfairly placed on that list.
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Interesting and very relevant question. Beall's list has been criticized (and mostly rightly so, I think) for a variety of shortcomings, an important one of which is its inherent bias towards toll-access publishing at the expense of open access (going against librarians' ethics in quite a few respects). The bias towards well-established companies in developed nations has, to my knowledge, not been covered as yet. I found the attached piece (url) helpful for my understanding of the pitfalls of using the list.
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Beyond Zelizer's work
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Not sure that this is what you have in mind, but you ask an interesting question and perhaps you will find the attached interesting!
Best wishes,
Damian
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This is the first time a journal has contacted me to tell me that one of the reviewers wants me to provide them with the pdb files (the unreleased coordinate files of the novel structures we are describing in the paper). I have never been asked to send a pdb file to a reviewer before ...  all I needed to provide until now were tables with the structural statistics, pictures to illustrate the findings and the code names of the files after deposition in the Protein Data Bank (but not the files themselves as the Protein Data Bank keeps them secret and does not release them until the codes have been published by a journal first).
Is this common practice?
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A pdb file (pdb=protein databank the file format of the public protein databank) is a set of coordinates describing a protein structure. It can be loaded into a variety of programs (such as Pymol) to provide an interactive 3D display of the protein.
The reviewer is asking for it because it is much easier to see structural features in interactive 3D form than in a static picture. The reviewer may be looking for something that isn't described in the paper, for example, how close your structure is to a homologous structure. The reviewer may simply want to see the features you describe for him or herself.
In any case, in almost all situations there is very little to lose by not sending the PDB file immediately. The experiments are done, the paper is written. It is unlikely you will be scooped at this point. Since the PDB file is going to be deposited in a public database anyway, intellectual property concerns probably don''t apply (but check with the appropriate people if this is a concern).
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Media is defamed everywhere for being corrupt and biased. A journalist becomes successful only if he/she becomes notorious enough. Working style is indistinguishably shady. So all this just a stereotype or is it a dirty ground reality?
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In my experience working for 10+ years as a journalist I would say that adherence to ethical standards are higher in this field than what I've seen in other fields - such as the film industry - or academia. Way too many people mistake unearthing the truth and holding people accountable for their actions as "nasty" journalism. Those in power and those that would seek to use the press for their own agendas and corporate aims, as well as the elite, who believe that fact finding does not apply to anything they do - would be the first to decry the field and its reporters as "nasty". There is an old adage in journalism that says when you piss someone off you're doing your job. Think about why this is for a moment. The truth does not serve the aims of everyone ;)
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I came across Foreign News by Ulf Hannerz, I am interested in other research about journalism as a cultural role and journalists as a community with its tires of passage, socialization processes and self-awareness.
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Anthropology of News and Journalism by Elizabeh Bird, Making Online News: The Ethnography of New Media Production, Volume 1(edited by Chris A. Paterson, David Domingo).
How to understand the relationship between extremism and online/electronic journalism?
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The relationship between extremism and online journalism may look integrated. For extremism to be effective, it should be covered by media, and media needs extremism to have more attractiveness. What do you think about?
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This is a very interesting point, one which requires a definition of “extremism”. The uneducated, uninterested, or the thoroughly brainwashed rely on the media for their ‘news’. They accept what is portrayed as ‘truth’ in the media as accurate. These people trust the media to tell them ‘truth’ and not lead them astray. At one time ‘media’ outlets were free and independent entities that prided themselves on providing factual accounts of events and in representing a point of view that was grounded upon a particular set of ethical/moral principles. However, over the past several decades, the main media outlets appear to have severed themselves from their moral moorings and drifted far afield. Factual research which is contrary to the media’s position, is either disregarded, inaccurately discredited, not reported upon or the media contrives some irrelevant/unjust disparagement with which to attack the integrity of the researcher’s motive or reputation. As such, the rank and file news consumer blindly believes what they are spoon-fed by the media. Therefore, what the main media reports becomes the societal norm. Morality then becomes ever changing. Morality is what the media says it is at any given time. The term for this type of journalism is “propaganda”. This is relevant with the field of sociology in that it is an outside force that ‘moves’ people in predetermined directions. Thinking people – those who take exception to the new ‘media dictated’ morality – can often only find alternative points of view in online/electronic media. These alternative points of view are generally not ‘new’, but based on traditional moral principles, but which are now considered “extreme”. In contrast to the main media, online journalism can be very ‘educational’. The researcher can read and contemplate many differing viewpoints and draw their own conclusions. Actual, researched based, facts are available. Today’s main media outlets are typically in-synch with each other. Therefore, there is no reason to change channels or read different papers, they all say the same thing… from the same viewpoint. It is my hope that in the future, main media outlets will again take their place as government ‘watchdogs’ for the people. But until then, the ‘free’ press in the electronic realm will be our only source of access to unbiased reporting and opinion.
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Syrian, Egyptian conflicts.
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If you are talking about methodlogy then I think Discuorse analysis will be perfect to study this phenomon, but if you are talking about impact and its origin then triangulation focussing social media and people participating is perferable.
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Professional journalism is becoming ever less professional, decreasing the distance between itself and citizen journals. This is because so-called professional journalism forgets the traditional reporting of how, what, when, where, why an event happened. As a result, so-called objective journalism resembles mere editorials without substantiation.
This degeneration in journalistic professionalism is especially apparent in television and radio stations specializing in newscasting.
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For my studies I need to observe and follow up people that are working together in TV journalism projects, but I won't be able to observe their actions directly and personally, since this kind of work is being done at very different places and different times. Should I therefore rely on their self- monitoring?
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Journalists tend to say they do one thing in the abstract, but may do something very different in day to day practice. Personally, I would stick with obs and/or interviews about specific case studies. I have used questionnaires in audience studies before but found that they needed follow up interviews to properly 'get at' qualitative issues anyway.
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Perceived risk of investment, frequent investment withdrawals, etc.
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Hi there.
The factors that affect the economy of a nation are numerous. Considering the ‘Demand’ for any sector of an economy, the most important factors are the classical ones that I teach my students i.e., price, price, of related goods, income, tastes and preference, expectation and a host of other dynamic factors of the market. The same analysis is extended to the supply side i.e. producers are also affected by changes in the price of own and related goods, cost of production, technology, taxation, expectation, and a large host of other dynamic factors of the market. However, the most important factor to demand, supply, and the entire economy is’ confidence’ .Once confidence in any economy is lacking; the entire progress is put on hold. Producers will hire fewer resources, investors will be hard to find, consumers will buy less, and the overall economic performance will plummet. This scenario is currently taking place in my homeland the “Lebanon”, where the news agencies, local and foreign compete to cast a violent act or an atrocity by some, which gravely damages the national economy and discourages tourists and investors alike to consider Lebanon as a potential place.
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I read somewhere that it began in 1845, just want to confirm.
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Journalism, as we understand the term in the west, emerges and grows with commercial democratic conditions.
Just as businesses can say "my product is better than your product" so too can journalists say "This bit of news is more important than that bit of news"
and thus steer the public discourse.
The idea behind yellow journalism is that the press can selectively print stories or editorials to influence the masses or the politicians. In autocratic nations things are quite the other way around and it is the political leaders who use the press to manipulate the people.
So yellow journalism (recently called FAKE NEWS) has existed from the origins of journalism itself.
The more "democratic" (that means commercially-democratic) the society, the more diverse its newspapers, TV shows and journals can become.
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This is a research stream about users consuming information. How can we get information about influence of digital newspaper in public opinion?
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Yes, nowadays we have a serial of tools we can use to get usability information from users like social web or comments to news and other added value services showed in digital newspapers
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I am doing the content analysis in a very restrictive culture so the more common 'rights vs morals' type frames don't fit because well, nearly no coverage can be categorised as a rights discussion
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You might consider a first exploratory study to determine your frames, in which you would engage in emergent coding.  From Stemler: "Emergent vs. a priori coding. There are two approaches to coding data that operate with slightly different rules. With emergent coding, categories are established following some preliminary examination of the data. The steps to follow are outlined in Haney, Russell, Gulek, & Fierros (1998) and will be summarized here. First, two people independently review the material and come up with a set of features that form a checklist. Second, the researchers compare notes and reconcile any differences that show up on their initial checklists. Third, the researchers use a consolidated checklist to independently apply coding. Fourth, the researchers check the reliability of the coding (a 95% agreement is suggested; .8 for Cohen's kappa). If the level of reliability is not acceptable, then the researchers repeat the previous steps. Once the reliability has been established, the coding is applied on a large-scale basis. " An Overview of Content Analysis. Stemler, Steve
Practical Assessment, Research & Evaluation, v7 n17 2001
Should we pay for our own publication?
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Writers and authors want to be published. Granted, there are those who are happy with the act of self-expression for its own sake, and aren't the least bothered if the results of that expression remain in a box in the back of the closet. Most of us, however, write because we want to be read, to be "heard." Getting published, however, is surely the most frustrating task writers face. Even when we follow every piece of good advice, studying the markets, sending professional query letters, formatting our manuscripts to precise specifications, and spell-checking until our eyes cross, publication often eludes us. Often, we never even know why. When the yearning for publication meets the frustration of rejection, writers become vulnerable to temptation. This is the point where many of us succumb to the notion that if publishers won't pay us, perhaps we can achieve our goals and dreams by paying them. Currently several journals (whether open access or subscription ones) apply publication and acceptance fees for accepted manuscripts and this amount is sometimes so much for young author! Do you agree with this type of publication? Isn't it considered a scientific business?
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Dear Barba, I just want to give you a supportive comment of using private funds for conference participation. Even before I was enrolled in a graduate program, I used my own money to go to an international conference in comparative endocrinology which was to become my research field. I had nothing to present and I went alone. However, as this was before computers and e-mail, I had been enthusiastically writing letters to all the established scientists in my field of interest asking for reprints of their papers - that's what we had to do in these days). Making long story short, during that conference, I became the lifelong friend and collaborator of many of the top scientists in the field - it certainly made it possible for me to go on to a postdoc at UC Berkeley a few years later. Going to that conference using my own money was without a doubt the best investment in my scientific career I've ever made ;-).
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I need some help regarding sampling and methodology. Any social science researchers here?
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Danish Zargar : u can try using t application of ATLAS.IT or NVIVO for your text analysis.
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Do you think lyrical journalism is having any impact on the masses?
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Sear Anam
Music is fundamental to the functioning of a society . Since ancient times that whenever a new society is born with it a new style of music appears .
It is well known that music has great power over the emotions and the human psyche . Thus , it can be used to manipulate people.
Music is a powerful weapon that can be used not only for entertainment but also the political and cultural level , can help to overcome problems and difficulties , raising the critical power of listeners
Can be used as a Universal Language : Music is indeed a language common to all people , can easily convey emotions or feelings easily universal level .
In its present music therapy can be used to treat many mental disorders: Various mental disorders , such as autism or cerebral palsy can be cured through music therapy with the use of various techniques for the own effect.
I believe in the power of the music
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It is notorious that broadcasting is one of the means where free speech and freedom of opinion are made effective, and also it is notorious that it produces positive and negative externalities. The question puts a dilemma, between free speech/freedom of opinion and necessity of stimulating production of positive externalities and inhibiting production of negative externalities.
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Let me use Kenya as an example of the delicate balancing act between the freedom of  speech granted under the new constitution and hate speech laws that have attempted to define what free speech is not. Hate speech that is deemed to be a threat to national security and cohesion is categorised as a negative externality such that under the constitution is not a right of free speech and hence is a legal offence. Constitutional gurantees can act as a safeguard against censorship along with a vibrant civil society and media that continually inform the citizens to actively participate in rejecting censorship that might be a pretext to dictatorial tendencies.
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The concept of agenda setting is fundamental in studying mass media. There is a great question if we can say that social network has amplified the universe of discussion beyond all that is treated in traditional mass media or if it is just another channel for discussing what is in broadcasting and newspapers.
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Hey Ricardo, hey Steffi,
thanks for inviting me to that interesting discussion. In my phd I'm trying to figure out, which effects are influencing the "rise" of a trending topic in social networks. I'm preparing an experiment, were I hopefully can identify the influencing effects. As Steffi mentioned there are different theoretical models explaining different perspectives of the question. Social media differs from traditional mass media because of the combination of network and content-related effects. Beginning with network theories, they can be devided in two different discussions as well. On the one hand there are hierarchical models, such as opinion leader theory. Applying the approach to the question, we can assume that opinion leaders of topic related groups are able to rise awareness regarding the topic and to spread the topic effictively in their groups. Therefore the opinion leader could increase the value of a message and trending topics can be formed by him. On the other hand there are epidemiologic models. They argue that spread of messages, ideas or innovations can happen via contagion. If a critical mass of messages to one topic is reached, people could be infected. The topic becomes a trending topic, that effects the Agenda. But those theories are explaining only one aspect of the discussion. The message itself must be considered as well. Here is were news value theory comes into focus. News values are for example if a message is about a prominent person, related to a local place combined with a massive damage etc.. The higher the news value of a message, the more likely it will be forwarded and influence the agenda. Hopefully in a couple of month I will be able to say more about those effects. I will find out which effect is mainly influencing the spread of a message or if effects are interacting with each other. Of course this is just a limited focus. What do you think? Did I explain it in a helful way?
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While there is high quality science journalism available, there is also a great deal of misleading and in some cases dangerous copies. Is this a national or international trend?
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I think there are three factors in play here: 1) lack of time 2) lack of expertise 3) ideology or politics
1) As we know, there is a constant pressure to cut the costs of publishing papers. Therefore, in the name of saving money, there is not enough time to check all the facts and claims thoroughly.
2) Even if there was enough time, many journalists do not have the statistical and other skills to evaluate the reserach results themselves. Therefore, it all comes down to trusting people. Who do the journalists trust to present an objective opinion of a subject without a political or ideological agenda? Sometimes they choose the experts rights and sometimes not.
3) Both the journalists and the experts have some vision of "the perfect world". It is not easy to suppress these subjective views and present only the facts. The result is that the expert tells the journalist something colored with subjective views. The journalist adds his / her own subjective views when he / she cites the expert. The result is often a story with a mixture of facts and subjective views with no easy way to know what is a fact and what is an opinion.
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I'm looking for results (coinjoint measurements e.g.) to develop a model for the perception of the price-performance-ratio in paid content journalism.
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In some countrys there projects to measure the quality of health journalism by a set of criteria. It started with Autralia and Media Doctor Australia, than Canada (Media Doctor Canada) and the USA with healthnewsreview.org. I'm the senior editor of the german version, called Medien-Doktor.
Feel free to contact me at marcus.anhaeuser@tu-dortmund.de, if this is what you search for.
Which one is prefered? Blinded or Open Peer-review?
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Journals use two methods of peer-review to evaluate the articles: 1. Blinded Peer-review: In this method the reviewer and the author do not know each other and the names, affiliations and contact information of the authors are hidden to the reviewer. 2. Open Peer-review: In this method the reviewer have complete access to the names, affiliations and contact information of the authors.
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Sure, double blind system is more effective and more positive. There will be less variations regarding the manuscript and the author may suggest that some referees or group of researchers are to be avioded till the manuscript is puplished in order to keep the work or data secret till published.
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In the text below, I discuss how exactly I will identify the corpus – my selected sample of texts from all text printed in the study period in all national newspapers Topic is not important here, what is important is how would you define my sample?
I want to research how the national newspapers of Kazakhstan covered the riots of oil industry workers which happened last year. My hypothesis suggests that newspapers which publish governmentally sponsored articles tend to share the President`s position on the issue, while newspapers that lack such support tend to support the oil workers`. Therefore my DV is the «position of newspaper». The measurement of the DV is: pro-President / neutral / pro-workers positions. I will also test other factors that might influence the position of the newspaper. The first IV is the proportion of governmental support to the annual newspaper`s budget measured in percentage on a continuous scale. The second IV is the correlation between the number of circulation and the newspaper`s position. The third IV is the location of the main newspaper office (capital or the second largest city). The 4th IV is the language of the newspaper (Russian, Kazakh or both). The fifth IV is dichotomous variable indicating whether the newspaper has its web-site.
Although it is possible to conduct the content analysis employing the design of simple random sampling procedure, it will be too costly to do. Therefore, I will rely on specific types of random samples. Since national newspapers are being issued only in two major cities in Kazakhstan (capital and ex-capital) they will fall under consideration. However, only newspapers covering socio-political aspects will be included in sample and purely advertising or thematically specialized newspapers will be excluded.
Since national newspapers are being issued only in two major cities (capital and ex-capital) they will fall under consideration. However, only newspapers covering socio-political aspects will be included in sample and purely advertising or thematically specialized newspapers will be excluded.
Firstly, I will focus on the newspapers issued during 3 months followed after the riots. Secondly, having the list of all newspapers` titles I will split them into two subgroups: daily and weekly newspapers. Thirdly, I will select newspapers proportionally to the size of each subgroup. I will pick up roughly 30% of newspapers from each pile, in other words, every third newspaper from each subgroup will be selected after newspaper’s arranged accordingly to the alphabetical order of their titles. The following step is the reading of all articles in each selected issue and identifying articles dedicated directly or indirectly to the riots.
Finally, each relevant article will be assigned with an order number in accordance with article`s appearance in the newspapers starting from the first page of it. The last stage that ensures random character of the selection is selecting 95% of articles dedicated to riots relying on the table of random numbers.
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Is anything missing here in my sampling design? Did I identify anything incorrectly in my sampling procedure?
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Your sampling design seems to be robust. The logic is perfect. You have randomized and you have stratified the documents.
Why dont you include few months pre-riots? Were there more advertisements or propaganda related campaign post-riots? What do the Editorials say?
How do you plan to analyze the contents, once you have chosen the sampling frame?
Good effort on your part
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Journalism it's a competitive field that has changed dramatically over the last few years and is expected to continue changing as new technology is introduced. Gathering, reporting, analyzing informaton and putting it in a format that is understood are important for doing a good job. There's many careers in journalism (news analysts, reporters, editors, weathercasters, sportscasters, news correspondents, commentators, columnists, news writers) but there's also a strong intrusion.
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Just like lab skills, the skills needed to put together journalistic projects are skills that people have to acquire. It's impossible to master graphic design, website design, video editing, and interviewing skills overnight. I do think that people can acquire these skills in places other than j-schools, but it does take time to build them up.
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A lot of small and middle tabloids in India are now a days vehemently using the language that may not be suitable to the civilization. But they have their stand of enjoying privilege of free speech. Should this media liberty get a concession?
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I do not know how does Law in India regulate such a matter. Free speech, here in Brazil, is not understood as just "free press", for this one is linked to "free enterprise", and free speech belongs to everyone, not only to press. Of course, we've got an interdiction of censorship, but it does not open the way to offend people.
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How could we connect Journalism and People Management? Is anyone working on it? Thanks
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First, I'm looking at broadcasting and newspapers enterprises, their common characters and their differences. I've been searching decisions of our Supreme Courts, as well as the few doctrine on the subject. Related to your question, there aren't many writings: comments on CLT, even by Mozart Russomano, on journalists, are too laconic. The main discussion lies on graduation as a condition to join this professional branch. For managers in journalism, we still must verify what it indeed differs of general business management. But people management on journalism is still demanding writings.
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We see in the media of the phone hacking scandal which left News of the World newspaper to close - however many question why the journalists knew everything about it and how some of the politicians and police reacted late to it. It is something I am investigating and would like to know if there are any related journals to this news incident. I understand the developments have been recent but my deadline for this assignment is tight so if anyone could help would be great. Many thanks.
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Chartered Institute of Journalists (CIoJ) are presently debating this subject; you may be able to access some information on their website
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I'm interested in your opinion on apprehensions of media owners and practitioners about media regulations.
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Totally true Ayesha and Sahifa. But to counter this, we would have to come up with a new model. Public TV in Pakistan has not done wonders and private media houses have their own issues so perhaps work needs to be done on a completely new approach to media ownership. Perhaps, making it a public limited might resolve some ethical issues but the not so recent "News of the World" fiasco makes that improbable as well.
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A recent post by Science Writers directed my attention to some very interesting guides and resources in the field of journalism as well as art/cultural mobility, that is mobility of artists, professionals and journalists in various cultural domains.
is about a forthcoming free online course in data journalism (basic understanding of data such as spreadsheets, stats, graphs and how to incorporate data in storytelling) which is due to start in May 2014 and is open to anyone.
Data Driven Journalism is behind the freely available Data Journalism Handbook which can be found here http://datajournalismhandbook.org/1.0/en/index.html
Journalists and (freelance) writers and researchers may also find useful some of the resources shared by the International Journalists Network, such as those on emerging online platforms http://ijnet.org/stories/five-platforms-could-jump-start-your-freelance-career-2014 and social media tools http://ijnet.org/blog/2013s-top-social-media-tools-journalists
A recent online project targeting science journalists in Australia could also benefit writers, researchers and all people interested in science writing. SCIJOURNO is comprised of 6 modules - a mix of video and article-based content packed with useful links incl. case studies, media tools, organizations and relevant online guides: http://scijourno.com.au/
Generally, funding for cultural journalists is not easy to find but recently a guide of funding opportunities in Europe has been compiled by On the Move - an international association aimed at supporting and facilitating mobility of culture professionals and artists: http://on-the-move.org/files/final%20UTA%20guide.pdf
The association has published as well a number of funding guides addressed to the inbound and outbound mobility of artists and culture professionals in
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You're welcome!
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Usually a paper has one last (=senior) author. In my case, I have 2 senior (last) co-authors. Is there a paper that explicitly makes this visible ?
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Hi,
I think that most of the journals allows that (if really necessary). The way they mention is usually the same:
--"*These authors contributed equally to this work" (e.g. NeuroImage (2008). 39(2):707-716);
--"*These senior authors contributed equally to this study" (e.g. Psychiatry Research: Neuroimaging (2011). 191(3):189-195);
--or something similar;
although the placing can be different (under affiliations, near the acknowledgements, near the corresponding author info..etc)
I would say that the best approach would be to check for some examples in the journal you intend to publish on and/or to contact the editorial staff of that journal.
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Data suggests different timings for the introduction of these theories and the conflict remains unsolved. Agenda setting was used in World War but so was magic bullet, so which came first and why?
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Magic bullet theory started with the alchemists looking for the ultimate magic bullet, the 'philosophers stone' Magic bullet theory today is sustained by the press who are always looking for the miracle cure breakthrough. I agree with Thorsten, the theory in scientific terms is an urban myth. No real scientist would ever think that they can find the ultimate truth or the single answer to any problem.
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I would like to explore how the media cover natural disasters and how their coverage influences public awareness and perception, among other things.
For example, do you think that there is a correlation between media coverage and funding disasters?
Please, share your thoughts and experiences.
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Media coverage during the initial assessments, search and rescue increases increases the public awareness , however,  it can  negatively effects proper distribution of funds.
The coverage of major disasters such as the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami and the 2010 Haiti Earthquake showed that media can have both positive and negative effects.
Media broadcasts first-hand information from the area of the disaster. Immediately after the disaster occurs, media could be invaluable during the initial assessments, search and rescue.
The positive impact of media is twofold: firstly, media raises people’s awareness on the disaster and, secondly, it helps to acquire the funding.
Although media helps citizens to make informed choices through objectively provided information, it can also have questionable effects. We frequently observe that as the first interest diminishes and public attention is fading away, .
Funds earmarked for a particular disaster force humanitarian organisations to spend according to the donors’ priorities and not necessarily to the highest ranking needs in the field [8]. For example, according to the UN data, funding for Haiti relief and recovery reached 43.86% of the estimated damage and the funding for the Pakistani flood relief and recovery raised 23.17% of the estimated damage, while the Chilean earthquake received only 0.23% of the damage and the funding for the Chinese amounted to less than 0.001% of the estimated disaster damage [9]. Media can help to prevent earmarked and unsolicited donations through providing accurate information that arises from coordination with humanitarian organisations.
Also political and cultural complexity may affect the ability of humanitarian organisations to raise funds. The Pakistan Humanitarian Response Plan and the Pakistan Floods Relief and Early Recovery Response Plan received about 30% and 50% of the requested amounts respectively. According to OCHA, 8 months after the initial emergency appeal it is still at more than 30% underfunded [10]. According FTS OCHA, currently there are at least four underfunded humanitarian appeals: Palestinian territories 2011 (8%), Zimbabwe 2011 (11%) and West Africa 2011 (14%) and Niger 2011 (20%) [11]. In addition, according to the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC), the grand total of active appeals is funded at 24%.
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Past research in journalism suggest that  newsroom routines have significant impacts on gatekeeping process. Factors like tight deadline, space constraints and scarce resources were identified as a major challenge in constructing analytical and critical news. Does the same situations happen in science reporting?
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Interesting article in Nature (2009) states a shift in the major player league of science reporting: Less "professionell" journalism - more blogging. Although blogging isn't quite that well researched, there're no tight deadlines, space constraints etc. Could be the difference you're looking for. In any case it's a fascinating recent development.
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Sadly, a number of journals seem to have done away with the option of publishing short commentaries or insights, unless they are a direct response to a paper published recently in a journal. Our lab has been generating some interesting ideas about the current ebola epidemic and ways forward in understanding the natural history of ebola viruses and are looking for a venue with which to share them with the scientific community.
So far we have found the following potential options but any additional suggestions would be greatly appreciated:
Emerging infectious diseases - Commentaries, but need to be invited,
EcoHealth - Forum
Trends in Ecology & Evolution - Letter
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The options you already list are good ones. Another possibility might be 'Ideas & Perspectives' in Ecology Letters (http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/journal/10.1111/%28ISSN%291461-0248/homepage/ForAuthors.html).
It's possible to make a presubmission approach to the editor to see if they would consider a full submission.
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I need some info about Lebanese Journals sales. The only available is the WAN-IFRA database, but I'm not sure they have the figures on Lebanon. Do you have an access to the very much expensive database?
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That would be an interesting data base to look at.  Shall be grateful if you find and share the answer with me as well. 
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When a scientific paper is published and appears at the journal web page online - what collection system is usually the first to include it in the index? Google Scholar, Scopus, or Web of Knowledge? In other words, where should I seek for the most recent papers, if not in the journal/publisher pages?
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Google is the fastest one.   
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I am interested in applying various of data-mining skills on health-care areas like predicting a visiting-day of a certain patient or find out potential patient and so on. However, it is hard to search a journal of which research area covers the aforementioned topics. Most of them which I found ( I mean a journal) covers application of data-mining on various area not just on health-care domain. Do you know any journals for data-mining on health care?
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I hope that the following lists fit your need.
1. Health Informatics Journal
2. International Journal of Medical Informatics
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As the time goes mass media enrolls more and more into the low-quality short-sighted image and sensations based journalism. You see vividly the serious decline of journalism in television programmes and newspapers (with some exceptions). Only some internet portals, and, may be, radio and journals still maintain higher quality journalism. What is your opinion about the future of journalism in the coming years?
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Well said Barry. The BBC model, however, is very different than most. Correct me if I ask wrong, but you have a TV tax in the UK that funds an assortment of journalism activities. That DOES make a difference. I would also add, however, that accreditation does not make a program good. My college is accredited by THREE of the major accreditation bodies, but that does not make the professors do any better research or more pedagogically creative. I originally come from a communication background where departmental or college accreditation does not matter. The best programs are not the best because they are accredited. 
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I have some lectures and speeches in recorded form (in voice recorder). I want to convert them all to text form, so that I can read or edit them. There are many options available in Google. Please suggest a reliable software, based on your personal experience.
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@ Asmat Ali
Sir this is a voice converter
mean when you will speak at the same time it will convert in to text.
but i have a Recorded files .....
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I'm studying the new models of digital journalism and entrepreneurship in Spanish. I did it for the Spain case, and I want to improve it to all the Spanish speaking countries. Do you know people researching the same? Do you know if there is any list of all the new media in Spanish?
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You should follow Professor @Rosental Alves on Twitter. He is The Director of the Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas, which helps establishing self-sustaining professional journalism groups. He works with journalists all over Latin America and usually shares on Twitter not only his experience but also research on this topic. He is also the host of the International Symposium on Online Journalism, on which several of the papers focus on new media in Latin America (the 2014 papers are available on the symposium's website: http://online.journalism.utexas.edu/papers.php).
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For an evaluator, which method or process is the most appropriate to judge a video project like a film, a drama or a commercial especially in the context of impact in the community?
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Hi, I too faced this problem, because unless the process of evaluation is standardized, it leads to biased evaluation. I downloaded and modified a rubric which solved my problem. Am attaching the one I used. Feel free to modify it to suit your methodology if you find it useful.
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Can anybody suggest the best way to make a coding sheet to analyze these shows as most of the content is opinion based.
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It depends what you want to do. I think using form of discourse analysis - if you focus on particularly important or influential interactions is useful. You might have a look at something like if you don't know them already
Ekström, M., & Patrona, M. (Eds.). (2011). Talking Politics in Broadcast Media: Cross-cultural perspectives on political interviewing, journalism and accountability (Vol. 42). Amsterdam: John Benjamin.
Hutchby, I. (2006). Media talk: Conversation analysis and the study of broadcasting Maidenhead: Open University Press.
O'Rourke, B. K., & Hogan, J. (2013). Reflections in the eyes of a dying tiger: Looking back on Ireland’s 1987 economic crisis In A. De Rycker & Z. Mohd Don (Eds.), Discourse and crisis: Critical perspectives. (Vol. 52, pp. 215-238). Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins.
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To receive an impartial and timely view of world news, one can no longer rely as much on newspapers and mass media as in the past. Why is widespread mistrust sweeping information media? I have a feeling that this is because journalism is quickly forgetting its mission to report who, what, when, where, why, and how of every event reported. Is this true? Are there other reasons for the degeneration of journalism? What should be done to bring journalism back to classical standards?
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Dear Mohsen,
If you want to determine who owns the news, look at the sponsors of newcasts. Nightly news at 7 P.M. are overwhelmingly sponsored by pharmaceutical companies. Many late news programs around 11 P.M. have automobile sponsors. You are quite correct to hint that if you look at the news from the viewpoints of big capital, you can easily explain which stories are aired on those programs. Your remarks are extremely helpful, to put it mildly.
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Best methodology to study news bulletins and images with it. Is quantitative analysis better than qualitative analysis?
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Aniqa - like with all research paradigms, it really depends on what questions you want to ask, what type of sample you want to use etc. Henna is probably justified in leaning towards qualitative. Most news media is about 'narrative' and 'story-telling' rather than measuring news - but it may be that you say perhaps want to survey newsreaders etc - and that would take you into a much different direction.
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Freedom of the press v social responsibility
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My answer is YES. See "After Leveson: Recommendations for Instituting the Public and Press Council" The International Journal of Press/Politics, Vol. 19, No. 2 (April 2014).
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What is your opinion about technological development and their effects on journalism ethics?
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Dear Theodora, when I typed ethics, I meant its broader sense in line with your character. Ethical code can be easily only wothless piece of paper, if not backed by behaviour based on character.
And the only way how to achieve such fundamental change in society, as you suggest, I have found described in Heinlein's "Starship Troopers" (I mean book, not this movie crap). Surprisingly, this book contains only a few battle scenes, the rest is about social responsibility.
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I am asking this in perspective of peace journalism and conflict journalism.
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Media is definitely not an observer but a key player in agenda setting, whatever it may be. As for conflict situation, I think media majorly tries to play a critical role towards the government and a sensitizing role towards the people, but it sometimes creates chaos too...
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I'm attempting to determine the media's likelihood to report a story that is perceived as negative/sexy over one that is positive/dull.
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You can see an interesting discussion regarding your question at the following link
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How is objectivity in news production compromised?
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Well said Ayesha,in practical media field ,agenda setting,framing and illiteracy,incompetency in selection of news and hence interests of the "Seths" means owners are the main factors which hamper proper flow of news with transparency and accuracy.
For example,one media group is reluctant to cover acute energy crisis, reason is that his factories run on uninterrupted power supply.
Another media group discourage news against PPP malpractice ,reason is that owner belongs to PPP.
A media group avoids showing and covering mismanagement on educational sector due to his interest in own private business.
Apart from ownership choices and problems,Workers are also not enough competent to handle flow of news professionally.Once great legend poet Khawaja Pervaiz dies,news director was unaware of the importance and personality of Khawaj Pervaiz so death news was merely limited to ticker only.
once great poet Ahmed Faraz dies,HOD of my section said that who was Ahmed Faraz?is he was a factory/mill owner?
Annam very good question raised,Issues are limitless,In single line i would say "Breaking News Nay Maar dala"
God help us only.
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Elaborate on hurdles that may be faced by journalists during the reporting of conflictual issues.
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In developing countries like ours there are multiple problems, the most important being that of the right to a secure life.
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My research is to investigate the best ways of dealing with sexual harassment at workplace and the sample universe is female journalists in electronic media. Which theory best suits the topic?
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Thankyou for your guidance it is really helpful...
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Intends to study in this particular area
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Media practitioners have been using various agenda setting techniques to influence the opinion of the masses. However, the fact that they choose to stay quiet on certain issues or at the very best relegating them to the back pages is where Media's true power and force comes to the fore front.
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People intend to follow crime style.
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Jawed Sahib in previous researches you will find a very few incidence of relationship between crime rate and exposure to crime shows. However i feel that these kinds of programmes are harmful for the psychological health of our nation where people watch Television most of the time. And yes for our kids these are very dangerous because they try to imitate the actions shown. As far as criminal life is concerned there are so many other factors involved.
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A good research journal needs rigorous Peer Review.The review brings  quality and appeal for the article.Nowadays fast and prompt publishing is the trend of researchers vs quality compromised research article.The review is time-consuming and late publishing spoil interest for the key concepts, 
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There are ethics that governs the behaviours of editors and reviewers. They should both protect the originality of the author such as not keeping copies from themselves, not attempting to repeat the studies before they get published, not presenting the ideas as if they are their own etc.  If you are referring to specific cases or incidents , I can only admit my ignorance. People with specific interest and professional work in combating and uncovering research misconduct can comment on this. But I would not have thought is a fair game. The fact reviewer had access to the submitted material, he or she has an obligation to cite it even if it in press and should never delay the review process for his .her own motives.